Timbering on the Homestead
Since we moved into our new place we’ve known that taking down trees to make way for the sunlight in the garden is necessary. Hence the timbering.
Based on accessibility and Permaculture zone systems we also knew that we wanted the gardens close to the house. The large oaks at the ‘front’ of the house were out of the question. One, in particular, serves as our swingset and the kids’ favorite retreat. That left us with the back of the house, the south-facing side closer to the pond. While the shade that nearly 20 trees offered in that area was enchanting and kept it comfortably cool, they weren’t conducive to growing food. Drew already cut down several but some of them were over 100 feet tall and a little out of his expertise.
We discovered that calling a professional arborist would be expensive. Our lack of funds inspired us to search out an alternative. After looking around-on craigslist-we found some local companies who would select cut, take timbers to the mill, and split the profits 60/40.
So, we chose one of those advertisers somewhat blindly. We had him select cut several of the large Poplars and Oaks on the back part of the property. They also agreed to remove the growth around the house where we are building our garden.
There’s a lot…
There’s still a huge pile of logs that weren’t worth taking to the mill, according to the guy we contacted. we’re working on it. Drew is trying to cut it all into more manageable lengths. He is splitting some into lengthwise for a split rail fence, garden borders, rustic benches, etc.
Though it’s sad to cut big trees in one way it’s the best thing we can do for the forest health. By thinning out some of the older trees we give younger ones a chance to grow. Also, now we have several clearings in which to plant crop-producing trees like Chestnuts, Hazelnuts, Walnuts, and even berries.
Now we have an opportunity to utilize this wooded area in a way we didn’t originally realize. The forest floor is FULL of highly fertilized soil. Perfect for growing and having cut some large trees down, there’s enough sunlight to really get some things started–a ‘food forest’.
The Do’s and The Don’t’s of Timbering
As most of our experiences here there are things we are happy with, and things we could have improved–hindsight ‘DOs-n-DON’Ts’.
Do keep a time track
- First, we found a guy that seemed decent and interested in timbering a small parcel like ours without tearing it all apart from driving equipment. The company we used had a bobcat with tracks which made it possible to maneuver around very efficiently while keeping ruts to a minimum. It was still a muddy mess. Perhaps taking these trees down before the temperatures warmed and the ground softened would have been better. But, we did ask that they smooth the path they made on their way out which they did willingly. We were told that this was a small company, essentially just one guy, and it would take him a while to get it done. In our minds a while=two weeks. It ended up taking him about a month and a half. A lot of that had to do with weather, but trying to get a more definitive time frame would have been smart. Hearing chainsaws and bobcats and seeing them parked in your yard for over a month gets old.
Do keep a contract
- A contract would be a good idea. There was a week where we didn’t see, nor could we get in touch with our guy and it was a little nerve-wracking. He had taken the majority of the logs out and we only had an email address and phone number to get in touch, he turned up, but it would have been nice to have a stronger sense of security. Also, getting a rough price of what lumber is going for would be wise. Foresters are available, they are paid consultants to help estimate what you should get and in negotiating the best price possible. In retrospect, we should have done this. The amount we got for all the mess and work was surprisingly low–but then we didn’t have to pay like we originally thought we would so, in the end, we’re happy.
Do not forget to include the cleaning part
- Lastly, we were not really prepared for the mess. There are piles and piles of treetops and undesirable pieces all around the property, we were a little blown away by this mess. While there are a few options for getting this cleaned up, most of them cost a significant amount. One way is to get it in the contract that the timber company will clean it up. Obviously this will drastically reduce how much return you get from the timber sale. But, there is a two-fold benefit from this approach. One, it will encourage them to load and take more to the mill which means more money on the front end, and two they’ll mulch and leave that for you to use as you wish.
More notes to keep in mind on timbering
Hiring a forest mulcher to come in and mulch everything is another clean-up option. These mulchers can do everything up to eight inches which will take care of the majority, and they can clean up about 1 full acre a day. But, be aware, they charge about $1000.00 per day.
So, us cheapskate homesteader types are going with the do-it-yourself option: We will *slowly* cut it all for firewood or wood crafts. One of our neighbors has a wood splitter, so he’s offered to trade for some of the wood for himself.
Knowing your property boundaries is also important
You don’t want to make enemies of your neighbors. We’ve learned that they are one of the greatest resources in these endeavors. So we walked the lines all around with the adjoining property owners. One maple, we found out, had been planted nearly 80 years ago by one neighbor and his father and we made it to our timber guy not to touch it. It’s magnificent and with a history–even better.
Having a plan where you want the skid road to be. The timber company created a “road” dragging out all the trees. It was a great opportunity to make the back of our wooded property accessible. If you guide them they should stick to it and when all the timber is out, the road will provide a nearly driveable path.
We even had them create a few swales for our permaculture food forests on the way out which is hard to do without heavy equipment like the bobcat. Having the land timbered served us very well. It gave us the road to the back, opened up the canopy, removed some unwanted trees, created a huge pile of firewood, and provided us a little cash to reinvest in planting our new trees.
There are lots of mess but we’re learning
There’s still a mess to clean up, but all in all, we were fortunate to have found this route in managing our property. The chestnuts we’ve planted in the clearings are already thriving.
Perhaps one day soon we’ll post on something less farm-related. But as we’re learning this homesteading life is nearly somewhat all-consuming. We hop around from one project to the next! What projects are you working on?